Monday, April 29, 2013


                                          DESTINY….. A LEGEND

                                              Dr K Prabhakar Rao

                     Prolaraja II ( 12 century) was  the noted ruler from the dynasty of Kakateeyas who ruled at Warangal in Telangana province of AP state.  The entire dynasty  is said to have ruled for 1000 years. However originally they were only feudatories to Eastern Chalukya  monarchs . When  Eastern Chalukyas power was  much reduced they came under Kalyani Chalukyas who ruled at Kalyani now in Karnataka and known as Basava Kalyan. Prola Raja II is responsible for firmly establishing Kakateeya power in the region and brought most of the provincial rulers under him by might of his sword. After him, his son Rudra Deva ( Also known as Prataparudra Deva I ) became the ruler and  conquered most of Telugu land and exercised his authority. A legend states that Prola Raja II met his end at the hands of his son unknowingly although he made all efforts to defeat the destiny.

                   Prola Raj II  although had everything he desired had no offspring and  almighty blessed him with a son after a long period and he was much delighted. However the Purohits and astrologers warned him that  his son would be the cause for his death. The worried king at once ordered that the new born be disposed off secretly and  the infant was given to two  confidant soldiers to carry out the gruesome job. On a dark night the soldiers went away to forest and came across a  an old Shiva  temple. The soldiers who were kind hearted could not kill the infant and left the child near temple steps and vanished from the scene. In the early hours, the priest of the  shrine came to the temple and found the crying infant un attended. He immediately picked him up and took him home and his wife was highly thrilled as she had no children. The priest named him as Rudra deva and brought him up as his own son. As the prince grew up as a Brahmin boy, he demonstrated great qualities befitting of a  king. He mastered  scriptures and always liked    martial arts and soon  became very proficient in martial arts, horse riding, use of various arms like swords, spears, lances and in   archery.  The priest knew that one day the prince would  rule the land although he did not know that he was the son of the king of the land.
                        Years passed by and Prola Raja  was also getting old.    It was the practice in those days to conduct annual  competitions where people from the kingdom could take part and show their merit in various sports and arts. Prola Raja  announced conduct of  competitions in  wielding of various weapons. Many youths and warriors turned up at the event and Rudra also attended the  event. Young Rudra defeated every one in all classes of weapons at the event and won the prizes and medals and appreciation of the king. Prola Raja was  wonder struck at the appearance and gait of the youth and  enquired about his parents from him. Rudra answered that he was the son of a priest of an old Shiva temple in the forest.

                        After this event the king  had no peace and  all the time he was thinking about Rudra. He decided to see the priest in the forest and one day he visited him taking escort with him.The priest was surprised at the sudden visit of the king to his humble hut and received him with all humility and respects. After  being seated comfortably the king   enquired about Rudra and after repeatedly  pressing on, the priest revealed that  rudra as an infant was found at the temple steps may years ago and has been brought up as his own son. The king soon left the place after thanking the priest and immediately called the two soldiers who were given the task of killing the child many years ago. The soldiers by this time were aged and they immediately accepted that they left the baby near a temple in the forest as they could not kill the infant. The soldiers were sent away and from that day onwards Prola Raja could not sleep. His longed for love  from his able son . He could not reveal the facts openly and as the days passed by his longing became more intense.

                Unable to bear separation further, the king on a dark night went to the temple in the forest alone on a horse. Rudra was sleeping on a flat stone outside the temple and fast asleep. The king went to him and sat near his head. He was in great agony seeing his son sleeping on a stone and slowly toughed him. Rudra deva  suddenly woke up and in utter darkness he could not see any thing. Fearing that some thief or enemy was nearby he drew his sword kept close to him and stabbed the king.The king fell down in agony at the most unexpected event and was profusely bleeding.  Hearing the sounds the priest came out with a lamp and saw the king lying in a pool of blood and was shocked at the event.  The king under great pain revealed to the priest that Rudra deva was his own son who was left at the temple when he was an infant. He also  narrated why  such act was done.  As the sun rays  started showing up the king breathed his last and gave up his soul. Rudra was inconsolable having learnt that the slain king was his own father. Soon the nobles and court officials arrived and knew what exactly happened and they felt very sad at the death of Prola Raja. Soon Rudra Deva was crowned as the next ruler at Hanamkonda the capital of Kkateeyas.

             Destiny had its way and efforts made by Prola Raja II to outwit destiny did not succeed. Rudra Deva became a very famous ruler of the dynasty and built the Warangal  fort, 1000 pillered temple at Hanam konda that exist even today. With might of his sword he expanded his  kingdom greatly and sent 1500 cavalry in support of Nalgama Raju in Palanati yuddham ( Battle of palanadu ) in 1184-1186 . Rudra deva  died ina battle with Jaitugi the yadava ruler of Devagiri.He had no children and after him his brother Mahadeva Raja succeeded him.Kakateeya dynasty produced great rulers such as Rani Rudrama Devi, Ganpathi deva and Prataparudra Deva II.   

Thursday, April 25, 2013


Wednesday, April 24, 2013

KANCHANA FORT IN MAHARASHTRA. It is a hill fort in Nasik district. with steep slopes. It is drwan in water colors by Dr K Prabhakar Rao on A 3 size paper


                                                        A    LEGEND

                                               Dr K Prabhakar Rao

              Kutubshahi kingdom was established by Kutub ul mulk  Sultan Kuli in  1518    He  was a Tarafdar at Golconda appointed by Bahmani sultan Mohammed shah IV (1482-1518) to look after Telangana provinces. Bhamani kingdom became very weak after the execution of  Chief Wazir  Mahmud Gawan due to a conspiracy of some of the court  nobles during the rule of Mahmud shah BahmaniIII. Slowly powerful nobles of the kingdom developed vested interests and Kingdom broke into  five small Muslim kingdoms  at Ahmed nagar, Bidar, Berar ( At Ilichpur). Bijapur and Golconda. Sultan Quli announced his independence only after the death of the nominal Bahmani king at Bidar who was more or less a captive in Bidar fort..

           Golconda was originally had a mud fort built by Kakateeya Rulers at Warangal. After the fall of Kakteeya dynasty, Golconda was handed over to Bahmanis by  the  ruler of Telangana province probably Krishna  Naika.  Its name was Golla Konda meaning Shepherd hill. The fort was suitably strengthened by the Muslims.  Sultan Quli was followed by Jamshed (1543-1550), Ibrahim (1550-1580), Mohammed Kuli ( 1580-1612), Mohammed Kutubshah (1612-1626), Abdulla Kutubshah (1626-1672) and Abul Hasan Kutubsha ( 1672- 1687). Golconda over a period of time became a powerful kingdom. Abdulla Kutubsha was the ruler during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb at Delhi. He had no sons and had daughters only. The  relations with Delhi were cordial till the  reign of Mohammed Kutubshah. However the relations  got strained during the reign of Aurangzeb and Attacks on Golconda started taking place from 1656. Abdullah Kutubsha  having felt the danger decided to strengthen the mud fort and  commenced  construction of the granite stone fort. However, he was not successful as the  stone fort could not be erected and there were many failures. Repeatedly the Sultan made attempts and every time failures took place and thus the sultan was very much agitated and he could not find any reason for the failures.

         During those days , there was a holy man  who was the religious  head of Shepherds ( Yadavas) and potters of various categories. He was staying at a village away from Golconda. His name was Dhangar Kondiah. He had some divine powers and his ancestors were recognized  by the Kakateeya monarch Prataparudra Deva  who was the last king of Kakateeya  empire at Warangal. He had in his possession some of the presents given by the Kakateeya king to his ancestors apart from the royal  scrolls with seals. Dhangar Kondia like his ancestors had certain mysterious powers and was held in great esteem by the people. Some  elderly locals  advised Abdullah Kutubsha to seek blessings of Dhangar Kondiah  before he attempts to build the stone fort again. Many failures in fact discouraged the Sultan. Abdullah Kutubsha on an auspicious occasion visited Dhangar Kondaia and  made him happy by offering him many costly presents and bowed to him. Kondia  enquired about the purpose of the visit and the Sultan narrated his problem in building a strong Stone fort.

 Dhangar Kondia  agreed that he would  indicate auspicious time and date on which the fort construction should commence and that he would visit the site and  perform the necessary ritual at the site. Accordingly The date and time were informed to the king and it was also told to the sultan that every year the sultan or his successor must take blessings from him or his successors once the fort construction  has been taken up. It was also warned that failure to adhere to the condition would result in loss of the fort to the enmies.. It was agreed and Abdullah Kutub shah  retired to his palace at Golconda with great relief.

                     On the prescribed date   Dhangar kondaiah visited Golconda and he was ceremonially welcomed by the sultan. At the auspicious time Kondia pformed rituals like  Bhoomi puja, offering Pulagam and other ceremonies. The Sultan was made lay the foundation stone.  The sultan profusely thaked Kondia and was  he was given many presents, jewellary, costly clothes, horses and other items. He was  warmly seen off along with suitable escort. The construction of the fort commenced and there was no looking back. I mighty stone fort was built soon at Golconda that stands even today gloriously and proudly with its massive bastions and doors. Abdullah Kutubsha  during his life time confronted Mughals successfully although he had to make peace with Aurangzeb  by offering great amount of tribute. His daughter was married to Mohammed sultan the  eldest son of Aurangzeb with the condition that he would be the sultan of Golconda after him.This however did not materialize as Moammed sultan was put in prison by Aurangzeb where he  whithered away and died.

            Abudllah Kutubsha  had no sons and after his death, in 1672 struggle for succession took place.  His  eldest son in law although was powerful and awsa an aspirant to the throne,  was put under arrest and the nobles ensured that Abul Hassan the younger son in law a mild natured and Allah fearing prince was crowned. Abul Hassan Kutubsha  ruled with the help of Madanna  the PM  and Akkanna the General. He was very tolerant ruler and looked after his people. It is believed that the tradition of seeking the blessings of the holy man of the shepherds was some how discontinued. Aurangzeb who was much against the rise of Hindu nobles in Golconda and  uncomfortable at the pact with Shivaji Maharaj with Kutubshah invaded Golconda province and  lay seize to the fort. The fort resisted for full one year. Akkanna and Madanna were murdered  by conspirators. The fort fell due to betrayal by Abdullah pani a  junior commander of Golconda army who openeda  small  window in a night through which Mughals entered the fort. Abul Hasan Kutubsha was  taken into custody and sent to Daultabad fort where he died after 12 years,. Golconda was  annexed to Mughal empire under a subedar. Thus  the Golconda fort fell into  enemy hands as warned by Dhangar Kondia arlier.

             The  successors of Dhangar kondia  at a later date changed their surname and lost all divine powers.


                                   Dr K Prabhakar Rao

                    Kasim Razvi the fundamentalist commander of rapist Razakar forces of former Hyderabad state is dead long ago. He died in Pakistan unsung and un heard in oblivion free of any offical publicity and reckoning.But he appears to be an inspiration to some cranks not only in Hyderabad but also in Pakistan. A Pak lady appaarently ill conceieved and out of her wits glorified Razvi as the most Allah fearing pious and holy man and rated him as the finest man she ever met. She also quoted that her father was an ardent fan of Razvi. It is worthwhile to recall the views of Late PM sri Jawaharlal Nehru who wrote in his book Discocery of India that Mohammed Ghaznavi who attacked Somanth temple in Gujrat several times was not an Hindu hater and attacked india only for wealth. He gave a clean chit to him. The fact is that Mohammed Ghaznavi broke the shivalingam at somnath and took away the stones to Kabul and thy were spread on the steps of the mosque to be trampled by Mulsims everyday. How he can be given clean chit that he was not a religious bigot. It confirms that he was the biggest religious bigot and never deserved any glory. But Nehruji saw no reason. Kasim Razvi is akin to him. When an Indian like Nehruji could glorify Mohammed Ghajznavi it is no surprise that a Pak national would not glorify Razvi. What an illusion indeed! The Pak national said:
Now I can see how history can be twisted to givea virtual view of what one thinks is right or wrong. Syed Kasim Razvi as I knew him was among the finest and most Allah fearing man I have ever known in my life. For me he was our Baray Baba though father or fatherly figure in Deccan. My father rote a book about him as heknew him very well. My father is deceased now but of course he was a person who would never lie. In his book he has written about all the atrocities you have mentioned committed as on Hindus as been committed on Muslims. Of course I will believe my father as I know for sure who is right. I believe when we write about something it is our obligation to do fact finding first as morally we are obliged to write truth.
                    Every one in this subcontinent has liberty to have his own views about Kasim razvi and razakar bands. For Muslims he will be a national hero while for Hindus he would be a wrtetched criminal . But one should know that it is not only Hindus but also Muslims who hated his policies and actions. Editor Shoibullah khan of Imroz news paper was murdered by Razakars who fought against these Rapist razakar bands and leaders. After capture Razvi was also tried for this murder case. It is no surprise that The Pak national had glorified views about Razvi.. Razvi settled in Pakistan among Muhajirs who are Indian Muslims settled in Pakistan. He practiced law among them as he was a pleader at Latur in Deccan. Muhajirs are treated as second class citizens and are hated in pakistan. As stated y the pak national her father the ardent fan of razvi might have written a book about Razvi and such people wll be there every where. There are books in world glorifying Adolf Hitler, Mussolini, Timur Lung, chenghiz Khan and many other criminals. But it does not mean that all such men are great men and heroes of mankind. Die hard fans of Razvi glorify him.It may be a fact the he was an Allah fearing man and we must appreciate it. But he was Jihadi too. He fulfilled conditions of his religion and obviously Mulsims see him in that perspective as a man who fought for Islam.. But it does not mean that he was a very great man.The venom spit by him hasnot vanished bu stilloverflowd. The recent hate speech of AIMIM MLA Akbaruddin Owaissi at Nirmal in AP state is the glaring example ofhatred among a section of them. On the other hand Razcvi got no recognition in Pakistanand he was sidelined and was ignored too. There was no welcome for him when he reached that country.

                    The way Razvi inspired Razakars needs only strong condemnation and not glorification. These Razakars committed gravest crimes on the Hindu popultion of Hyderabad state and it is a recorded history. After Police action he was captured and tried too ina court of law and he was given all the oppertunities to defend himself. The trial court consisted of three judges comprising of men of high standing from various religions. They found him guilty of crimes and sentensed him to undergo 10 years jail term. He was of course not found guilty of editor Shoibullah murder case. The sentense therefore was not adeath sentense orlife imprisonment. He was lucky in that aspect. In any other country he would have been summarily executed. Mulsims can not find fault with the trail of Razvi. There are many cranks who glorify Osma bin Laden of AlQaida. It does not mean that he was a great person. We know how he was killed by the American after the greatest man hunt in world history. Ksaim Razvi too belonged to the same category and does not deserve any sympathy. His sympathisers must be should be that he was given lesser punishment and was not hanged summarily for his crimes. The woman from Pakistan cries that similar offenses were committed against Muslims after police action. She should know that whatever atrocities were committed by Razakars were officially sponsored by Razvi and his coterie including police chief Deenyar jung while Police turned a Nelsons eye. The ruler of the state Mir Osman ali Khan the Nizam 7 loo and killings of Hindus in the state. The ruler was also a party to this mayhem. Systematic hatred was built up against Hindus in the state by Razvi and Razkars were armed to teeth to carry out his ill conceieved ideas and plans. If any atrocities were committed on Mulsims after Police action, probably theycould have taken place in few isolated pockets as a spontaneous reaction the Razakar atrocities on them. Sadly the Pak national associated with Razvi and it is no surprise as birds of same faethr flock together.

                              It is an open fact that in Hyderabad a section of Mulsims glorify Bahaduryar Jung the founder of MIM, the former party of razakars. He was the ardent fan of Mohad ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan and worked towads creation of pakistan. He reamyt of an Islamic Hyderabadindependent satte. After his sudden death before partition of Sub continent Razvi took over command of MIM and managed to damage the society in a short time. He poured venom in the minds of his people. There is no reason for allowing glorification of Bahadur Yar jung in the satte. He worked against unified India . At the time of independence Sardar Patel said that thoseMulsims who remained in India even after voting for Muslim league can not have dual loyalties. Glorification of Bahadur Yar jung or Kasim razvi amounts to dual loyalties and needs to be curbed by the state in order to remove resurgence of fanatic separtism.

                       Glorification of these fundamnetalists who spit venom in the society in no way turns them into gladiators and great men. Worshipping of Adolf Hitler, Mussolini, Idi Amin or Osama Bin Laden by any one does not transform them into greata heroes of mankind and they always remain criminals



                                        Dr K Prabhakar Rao

                    A great festival ( Jathara) is held every two years for three days before Magha Purimaat Medaram in Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh with   great pomp and show. This is the biggest Girijan festival held here. Medaram is a small village in the forest. Sammakka is a tribal goddess and the patrons and the priests are Koyas (A caste in tribals). All the tribals from Maharastra, Madhyapradesh, Karnataka, Chattisgad, Jharkhand and the thousands of other Hindus congregate there during the celebrations. There is no permanent idol of the deity. This is the biggest congregation of devotees after Maha kumbh in North India as  7 million devotees attend the festival. The Medaram area is very backward and lacks basic facilities. Yet the festival is conducted after every two years with great gusto.

          As per legend    it is said that, once  nearly 700 years ago the tribal people of Medaram forest region went in to the deep forest for hunting. They saw a kid protected by cruel animals such as tigers and lions; they were all mesmerized with the child's magnificent presence and her glorious brightness. The tribal leaders (Koya doralu) adopted the child and brought her to the village. And the village has been shining with a lot of prosperity and happiness from the time when the kid came to this village. All the people in that village felt that, their God Kondadevara (tribal god) had reached them in the form of this child.The tribal elders named her as Sammakka. It is said that, she always rambled on tigers and lions and also gave her blessings to the child bearing couples. She cured number of tribals suffering from chronic deceases. These are the main reasons that made her become popular across the nearby villages. Sammakka was married to Pagididda Raju. He was the ruler of Medaram village and subordinate king of  Prathapa Rudra, Kakatiya Dynasty. They were blessed with a son (Jampanna) and two daughters (Sarakka and Nagulamma).
A  severe famine occurred for four consecutive years in the village. People were shattered due to this famine and they were unable to pay the taxes. Hence, Pagididda Raju refused to pay the tax to the Kakatiya rulers. Due to this ,Kakatiya king got angry and decided to wage war under the command of  his minister Yugandarudu. The tribal people having self-respect decided to get ready to war and they were not scared of the Kakatiya army having a large number of elephantine forces. Thousands of tribal heads were chopped and the blood flew like river from the battle ground, and mixed with Sampenga Vagu (a water passageway). The water in the Sampenga Vagu was contaminated with blood. In this battle, all the tribal and non-tribal people participated against Kakatiya forces. Sammakka's husband Pagididda Raju and Son in Law Govindaraju laid their victorious lives in this battle.Sarakka  her daughter was greviously wounded. After watching this massacre, Jampanna (son of Sammakka) sacrificed himself, by jumping in to the Sampenga Vagu, hence it is called as Jampanna Vagu. Despite hearing this shocking news, Sammakka didn't give up her courage, and attacked enemy forces protected by a breast plate and sword. Showing her divine powers she destroyed and terrorized the enemies. Kakatiya forces were surprised by the divine powers of Sammakka. Suddenly a boy came from behind and back stroked Sammakka. Sammakka turned back and raised her sword to kill, but she realized that it was a kid and put the sword down. Sammakka forgave the child and tied the wound with a cloth and moved away from the village towards east as she was aware that if her blood falls on the village land, the land will become barren and gives no fruit.Before she moved out after seeing the great massacre of her people, she cursed the Kakateeya dynasty that it would vanish soon.
After the battle, the tribe elders searched for Sammakka in the thick of the forest. They found a Kumkum Bharini (vermillion box), bangles apart from pug marks ofa tiger at a snake hole under the Naga Vruksham (Naga- snake, Vruksham- tree). Tribals believed that, Sammakka was found as vermillion. Thence, once in two years on the day of Magha Shudha Poornima, the tribal people celebrate a festival/fair in the honor of Sammakka and her daughter Sarakka, where they got the vermillion box.
          Prataparudra deva  was the Kaakteeya monarch at Warangal in 14 century and Muslims invaded Warangal several times first by the General Malik Kafur of Allauddin Khilji. Although they were repulsed, Prataparudra after  next invasion agreed to pay  tribute  to the Delhi sultan. After the fall of Khilji  sultans Prtaparudra stopped paying the tribute to Delhi and Mohammed Bin Tighlaq as a strict policy invaded Warangal but was repulsed by the valiant Kakateeya army. However in the  next invasion, Prataprdudra was defeated due to internal bickerings of his  Velama, Reddi and  Kapu chieftains and  He was captured. He committed suicide by jumping in river Narmada while he was being taken captive to Delhi. With this Kakateeya dynasty was extinguished. Warangal was named Sultanpur and was made a  province of  Muslim empire. The curse of Sammakka  became  a reality.

AKLUJ FORT IN SOLAPUR DIST IN MAHARASHTRA. Drawn by Dr K Prabhakar Rao in water colors on A 3 size paper. This fort that was in negelected state and  was repaired by locals and restored to good state and has been converted to a Museum where Shivaji maharajs life has been recreated with various  sculptures  and life size statues showing as if history has been recreated. It is a pride of the district.

CARTOON DRAWN BY DR K Prabhakar Rao when . Italinan marines escaped from India  after being allowed to go to their country


                                                 PURANDHAR FORT   MAHARASHTRA

Sunday, April 21, 2013


                            INTO THE PAST WITH PAIN…287

                                     Dr K Prabhakar Rao

(Gandhi, Patel and Nehru are   seen driving on a motor cycle in Hyderabad. They are Basheer bagh cross road)

Gandhi.  We are sitting three on the bike and  are going on main road. The police may catch us.

Patel. What to do?  If we travel by bus we shall never get it. We can not get in when it arrives. The driver will stop the bus far away from the bus stop. Then all the guys standing at the stand like cattle run to catch the bus. Before some people get in he will drive away. Only few youngsters manage to hang on holding some steel window rods

Nehru. Patel. Please do not call  it as bus stop.

Patel. Then what should I call? Should I say Bus- move, because Bus never stops.

Nehru. Call it Bus bay.

Patel. Yeah. In USA they call like that.

Gandhi. Haa..Haaa. Haa. Whatever you call you will not be able to get the bus to travel. So we are doing correct thing.

( At traffic signal, the motor cycle stops as red light shows up. A traffic constable suddenly pounces on them and pulls out key of the bike)

Gandhi. Hey,  What are you doing?

Police man. I am doing correct thing. Get down from the  bike first.

Patel. OK. OK.  But if you take out key like this , the handle gets locked up.

Police man. Do not tell me things. I have also a bike.

( The trio get down from the bike and the police man takes control of the bike and  takes it to a side off from the road. When he takes  sharp turn the handle bar gets locked and the police man falls down along with the bike. SI is also close by sitting on a parked bike.)

Police man.  Mar Gayare. Utao mujghe. ( I am dying. Lift me up).

( The hot silencer pipe of the  bike is stuck to the leg of the police man. He cries in pain.Gandhi, Patel and Nehru with great effort lift up the constable and is made to sit on a large stone. He cries loudly in pain.)

SI. Look guys . show up the papers of the bike.

( Patel shows the papers  that are found OK.)

SI. Papers are OK. I am  doubtful of address and names

Patel. Why?

SI. It is written  MK Gandhi, Farther of India,  Heavenly  towers, Flat no 1234, vaikunta puram. Where is this colony. I never heard about  it.

Gandhi. You can verify if you want.

SI. I do not have time. Tell me why are you traveling three on one bike.

Patel. Because we do not have another  bike.

SI. No jokes.I am sure you know that triple riding is an offense.

Patel. Probably it is. Look SI sir, Look there. Three constables are going on one bike. Catch them if you can.

SI. Do not teach me my job

Patel. SI sahib. Rules have to be same for all.

SI. That  I see later on. Now pay challan of three hundred rupees.

Gandhi. We do not have money.

SI. You have to pay or we shall seize the bike

Patel. Look SI Sahib. Rs 300 is  much high. Please reduce it.

SI. OK . I shall make it Rs 200.

( Patel gives Rs 200 to SI and  he accepts)

SI. You may go now. Take this key.

Patel. Now can we travel three?

SI. You may if you wish till some one again catches.

( The trio drives off on the bike past the  traffic lights)

                             CURTAIN FALLS

Friday, April 19, 2013


                         MD Gyan Dutt, Lyrics.. Surendranath               

                                      Dr K Prabhakar Rao

Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar, Ab Aah Bankar Wo Jaa Rahe Hain..
Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar, Ab Aah Bankar Wo Jaa Rahe Hain.

Mere Khayalon Mein Basne Wale-2
Kisi Ka pehlu Basa Rahe Hain,

Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar, Ab Aah Bankar Wo Jaa Rahe Hain..
Ye Bata Aye Ghum-E-Mohabbat,Kise Sunayein Hum Apni Haalat,
Nigahein Jinse Ulajh Gayeen Hai, Wohi Nigahein Chura Rahe hain.-2

Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar

Samajh Ke Hamne Ye Unko Chaha,Wafa Karenge Wafa Ke Badle-2
Magar Wo Gairon Ke Bas Mein Hokar,Hamari Hasti Mita Rahe Hain.-2

Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar

Adaayein Bholi Jafayein Bholi ,Wo Aap Bhole Khayal Bhole.-2
Hamari Duniya Ujaad Kar Ab ,Alag Khade Muskara Rahe Hain,

Jo Dil Mein Aaye The Dard Bankar

Note. This is  a very great ghazal rendered by the immortal singer actor in 1943 for the film Paigham .. Md was Gyan Duttji who composed for film Bhakt Surdas in which Saigal sahib renered memorable songs. His stmap can be seen in both films

Sunday, April 14, 2013


                        INTO THE PAST WITH PAIN….288
                               Dr K Prabhakar Rao

(Gandhi, Patel and Nehru are seen walking on a street in Ahmedabad )

Gandhi. Patel, Have you seen? The city looks new and developed. I see great changes here.

Nehru. There will be changes in other parts of country too.

Gandhi. Could be. But here things appear different. It looks great developments have taken place.

Nehru. I f some one visits a place after long time things will look new.

Gandhi. No. It is not like that. Who is the CM here?

Patel. Who else can be. It is Naredra Modiji. He has dome wonders here.

Gandhi. I hear that the  rulers in Delhi do not leave any day without passing adverse comment against him.

Patel. There will be some paid characters for such jobs.

Gandhi. I learnt that in recent state elections  Modiji has trounced  congress party. They were bull dozed. Haa.. Haa..

Nehru. What is there to laugh?

Gandhi. Relax Jawaharlal. Please learn to swallow some un happy truths too. It is not always your day. Things are changing. People are no more  acting like dud asses. Theya re using brains too.

Patel. The days  of Gandhi name are disappearing. People want the guys who can do some thing for them.

Gandhi. In these elections Rahul Baba was made the leader of campaigns in Gujrat and his mentors Dr MMS and Madam too toured the state and did all the best to boost up thre prince. They failed to read on the wall.

Patel. Hoo..hoo.. They were white washed thoroughly. They do not know what to do. They sang Ram bhajan and went back to Delhi

Gandhi. Now great changes can take place in national politics too.

Patel. True. Congress party is trying desperately to hand over country to the prince some how.

Gandhi. Is it easy. Days have changed. People can not be fooled as done earlier.

Nehru. Bapu. Do you mean that they were fooled earlier?

Patel. Then what? They have woken up know.

Gandhi. I read in a news paper that Rahul Babap is not interested in becoming the PM. He evades questions.

Patel. That is up to him. He knows his abilities and potentials. He also recently they he became leader by virtue of his genes. Poor guy indeed.

Nehru. You guys appear to be biased.

Gandhi.  Why should we be like that?. We are telling truths. Jawaharlal. It is not always the same. Changes do occur.  You had enough enjoyment .Let others also have.This is democracy hai.  Any one can become the PM.

Patel. Bapu, but in Congress things are different.

Nehru. It is enough for me. I am going. I  can not listen to this stuff.

Patel. What will you do if in next elections if Baba can not become the PM.  Cant you sense the winds? Modi is emerging very strong day by day.

Nehru. Let us wait and see.

Patel. Keep watching.

Gandhi. Ohfo. I forgot about it. What happened to the trial of Delhi criminals of gang rape? I am not hearing any thing .

Patel. True. People have forgotten about it.

Gandhi. Poor girl is no more. I heard the main accused is dead in Tihar jail. I wsa told that he hanged himself.

Patel. Others are in jail. All is quiet. This is India. Trial will go on. Law will take its own course. Like Bofors case it will go on and go on..

Gandhi. Haa.  Haa. Nice comparison of cases and delays. In Bofors case all big shots were involved. But in this case common youth and criminals are involved. Why they are taking so much time for trial,

Patel. This is usual India way. They will drag on and drag on.  Fill up  lakhs of pages.  Feed the criminals for many years

Gandhi. Then what will happen?

Patel. Even if the guys are given death  sentenses,  the decision will keep pending. By this time President will change. Mr Mukherjee sahib will go and some other guy will  be in the chair. He will sit on the files again for many  years like a fowl sits on the eggs.

Gandhi. Haa.. Haa. Good  joke

Nehru. Bapu. You guys are making mockery of the nation.

Patel. Relax , Jawaharlal. He is not making mockery at things. He is telling naked fcats. It is difficult to digest things for you. Take it easy biy.

Gandhi.  OK Guys. It is getting dark. Let us go soon.

              ( The trio walks away soon singing Rambhajan)
                                        CURTAIN FALLS

Sunday, April 7, 2013


                                 Dr K Prabhakar Rao

Once Muslim invaders occupied territories in India after the defeat of Prthviraj chauhan at Thneswar at the hands of Mohd Ghori, persecution and discrimination started in all fields of life. Hindus were treated as third rate citizens. They were discriminated at every instant and at every moment. Islam considers believers as supreme and permits infidels to exist under their rule for which they have to pay special tax. The tax is called Zizia Tax. However all efforts are made to weaken Hindu society by all means, like threats, persecution, luring, violence ,excessive taxation, discrimination. and curtailing freedom. The slave sultans were no doubt masters in this art. However during certain periods this phenomenon reduced as some rulers realized that they could not rule without support of Hindus. But such atmosphere was short lived. When ruler or dynasty changed invariably policies also changed mostly to worst. Every sultan believed that he was the god sent man to uphold Islam.
The discrimination in society was mostly under following forms;

1.Right to own property
2. Right to practice religion
3. Right to receive education.
4. Right to own horses
5. Right to bear arms
6. Rights for conducting certain trades
7. Rights over produce from fields
8. Right to wear expensive attire
9. Rights for justice

Note. These were apart from other forms of repression such as abduction. Mass killings, rapes, forcible marriages, looting, forcible conversion etc

Alauddin Khilji from Khilji dynasty( 1296-1316) was definitely intolerant towards the Hindus, and he tried to suppress them by every possible measure. However historians have calimed that he was the first person to introduce systematic administration.. He believed that wealth in the hands of people would lead to rebellions and thus he practiced oppression and heavy taxes. People had to survive with barest minimum. The local leaders among them were severely persecuted and they remained poor. Though historians are not unanimous on the issue of his anti-Hindu policy and its causes, yet it is sure that he never paid attention to the welfare of the Hindus. His dialogue with Qazi Mughisuddin highlights his attitude towards the Hindus when he enquires of him about the position of Hindus as taxpayers in an Islamic state ( 1).
The Qazi answered,

“According to Shariat, they are called payers of tribute (Khiraj Guzar) and if the revenue officers demand silver from them, they should with all humility and respect tender gold. If the officer throws dirt into their mouth, they must without reluctance open their mouth wide to receive it.”
The Qazi, further, emphasized that even the great Iman Abu Hanifa has told that Jaziya, should be levied on the Hindus and they should be permitted to follow their religion. Some other religious dignitaries of Islam have suggested only two alternatives for the Hindus living in an Islamic kingdom.

They should either be put to death or forced to embrace Islam. Alauddin Khalji followed the advice of the Qazi and adopted oppressive measures against the Hindus. He enhanced the load of revenue and other taxes on them. He imposed 50 per cent land revenue and snatched away the privileges of Khuts and Maqaddams. It reduced them to poverty but Dr. U. N. Dey does not agree to it. He remarks,
“The Khuts and Muqaddams at no stage of Indian history ever reached the stage of poverty as is told about them in his reign.”
Dr. Dey does not agree also with the view of Barani that the wives of Khuts and Muqaddams were compelled to seek jobs in the houses of Muslims in order to earn their livelihood. In fact, Dr. Dey is of the opinion that Alauddin’s policies were not against the Hindus. But this opinion of Dr. Dey is condemned by many other historians and they consider the policies of Alauddin anti-Hindu. Dr. K. S. Lai remarks,
“Alauddin’s measures were truly oppressive. His chief aim was to make the Hindus poor, so he abolished all the privileges of Hindu revenue officers.”
Besides levying heavy taxes, he destroyed, Hindu temples, broke the images of Hindu pods and kilfedi” Hindu war prisoners as they did not embrace Islam. Thus, Alauddin adopted an unjust and severe policy towards the Hindus on the advice of Qazi Mughisuddin. But if we want to know the reasons behind it, we shall have to read bet¬ween the lines of the pages of history. Hindus were not allowed to wear good clothes ride horses wear swords. They were not permitted to cry when some one died among them. Whenever Muslim travelers demanded they had to be accommodate by Hindu families. At every stage Hindus were reminded that they were slaves and oppressed class. Constantly they were coerced to embrace Islam if they wanted to improve themselves.

The number of Hindu subjects was quite large and they often revolted against the Muslim sultans due to their religious fanaticism and economic suppression. He wanted to stop these revolts, so he inflicted poverty on them. Dr. K. S. Lai also writes, “Alauddin wanted to impoverish his countrymen so that the word ‘rebellion’ should not come on their lips.”

But Sir Wolseley Haig does not agree, with Dr. Lai. He writes, “Alauddin next framed a special code of laws against Hindus who were obnoxious to him partly by reason of their faith, partly by reason of the wealth which many of them enjoyed and partly by reason of their turbulence, especially in the Doab.”
To sum up, we may quote Dr. S. Roy about his attitude to¬wards Hindus, “There are, however, good grounds to believe that in dealing with the Hindus, Alauddin was also actuated by communal considerations.” In fact, the anti-Hindu policy of Alauddin made the position of Hindus quite deplorable and led the Hindu society towards decline from economic, social and moral points of view. There is no doubt that Allauddin Khilji was the oppressive Sultan of India who went all out to ensure that Hindus are deplorably crushed.
The sultans also levied house-tax and grazing tax. According to the contemporary chronicler Ziyauddin Barani, all milk-producing animals like cows and goats were taxed. According to Farishtah, animals up to two pairs of oxen, a pair of buffaloes and some cows and goats were exempted. This concession was based on the principle of nisab, namely, of leaving some minimum capital to enable one to carry on with one s work. But it was hardly any relief, for there were taxes like kari, (derived from Hindi word Kar), charai and Jiziyah. The sultans of Delhi collected Jiziyah at the rate of forty, twenty and ten tankahs from the rich, the middleclass and the poor respectively.

Persecution by Mohd bin Tughlaq who came to power after fall of khilji rule was severe.Mohad bin Tughlaq came to throne after engineering the murder of his uncle and mentor Ghyasuddin Tughalaq . He got made a welcome arch that collapsed when Gayasuddin was passing under it. His very high taxation resulted in people leaving their fields and cultivation in dejection. Many ran away to forests. People were forced to cultivate fields. Those who ran way to forests were hunted like wild animals using bows and arrows. The sultan was eccentric and was off the center. People suffered greatly. His successor like Feroz sah Tughlaq was no less in persecution. In short, a substantial portion of the produce was taken away by the government as taxes and the people were left with the bare minimum for sustenance. For the Sultan had directed that only so much should be left to his subjects (raiyyat) as would maintain them from year to year without admitting of their storing up or having articles in excess. Sultan Alauddin s rigorous measures were taken note of by contemporary writers both in India and abroad. In India contemporary writers like Barani, Isami and Amir Khusrau were inclined to believe him to be a persecutor of the Hindus. Foreigners also gathered the same impression. Maulana Shamsuddin Turk, a divine from Egypt, was happy to learn that Alauddin had made the wretchedness and misery of the Hindus so great and had reduced them to such a despicable condition that the Hindu women and children went out begging at the doors of the Musalmans. The same impression is conveyed in the writings of Isami and Wassaf. While summing up the achievements of Alauddin Khalji, the contemporary chronicler Barani mentions, with due emphasis, that by the last decade of his reign the submission and obedience of the Hindus had become an established fact. Such a submission on the part of the Hindus has neither been seen before nor will be witnessed hereafter. In brief, not only the Hindu Zamindars, who had been accustomed to a life of comfort and dignity, were reduced to a deplorable position, but the Hindus in general were impoverished to such an extent that there was no sign of gold or silver left in their houses, and the wives of Khuts and Muqaddams used to seek sundry jobs in the houses of the Musalmans, work there and receive wages. The poor peasants (balahars) suffered the most. The fundamentalist Maulana Ziyauddin Barani feels jubilant at the suppression of the Hindus, and writes at length about the utter helplessness to which the peasantry had been reduced because the Sultan had left to them bare sustenance and had taken away everything else in kharaj (land revenue) and other taxes (2).
An important aspect during the rule of Delhi sultans was the elevation of slaves and eunuchs. Malik Kafur was a slave eunuch and originallya Hindu and was much patronized by Allauddin Khilji and he was soon elevated as his General and was sent on military campaigns. His successor Mubarak Khilji was of the worst type and spent time in the company of eunuchs who were mostly Hindu slaves. He spent time in sexual orgies. Finally he was murdered to a great relief of all ..

As Muslim rule progressed some of the rulers came to terms with Hindus. Baber had no time for consolidating his administration. Humayuan too had a tragic life when he was driven out by Shersha sur for 14 years. Although Humayun regained Delhi after 14 years, he died soon and was succeeded by his young son Akbar. Real consolidation and administration of Mughal empire started only with Akbar who realized that he would not be able to run administration with only Muslims and had to take Hindus also along. Some of the Rajput rulers also fell in line accepting Mughal overlordship except Rana Pratap singh of Mewar. They made marriage alliances with Akbar. Many Rajput families sent Doli to Mughal harems. In turn many Rajput nobles were given high positions, titles, honors in the court and army. Rajput soldiers were recruited into Mughal army. Raja Man singh brother of Akbars wife Jodha Bai was made the commander in Chief of Mughal army. Raja Birbal, Todar mal also occupied high positions in the court.Musicians like Tansen were honored by Akbar. Tansen in all probablilities converted to Islam and he married sister of Akbar. The practice continued during the succeeding emperors such as Jehangir, Sahjehan and Aurangzeb. Amar singh Rathore was an important Rajput commander in Shahjehans army. Aurangzeb also had many Rajput chieftains in his army and Raja Jai singh was a very important military commander during Deccan campaigns. Aurangzeb however reintroduced zizia tax on Hindus which is discriminatory. He also dismissed all court singers and musicians as music was against tenets Islam. Aurangzeb never trusted any one including his own shadow.. He always sent a Rajput and a Muslim General together in his campaigns. In his Deccan campaigns Raja Jai singh and Diler Khan fought together against Shivaji Maharaj.
In provincial kingdoms too Hindus held high positions. In Bijapur army many Marathas were given important positions. Kulkarni a Maharshtrian Brahmin was the secretary of General Afzal Khan of Bijapur who was slain at Pratapgarh by Shivaji Maharaj along with Afzal Khan. Raje Shahji, father of Shivaji Maharaj served Nizamshahi Sultnas at Ahmednagar against Mughals. Later Shahji joined Mughals and he also served Bijapu sultans after some time. Shitab Khan ( Seethapathi Raju) served Sultan Kuli of Golconda before he became independent ruler of Waranagal. Aliya Rama Raya also served Golconda sultans in his younger days before he shifted to Vijay nagar. He was the son in law of Emperor Krishna deva Raya of Vijay nagar in 16 century. Akkanna and Madanna the brothers were elevated to very high positions by Sultan Abul Hasan Kutubshah of Golconda. Madanna was made the Prime Minister ( Mir Jumla) while Akkanna was made the Army chief ( Sar E lashkar). Tupaki Krishnudu was also an important military Chieftain. Rustum rao Linganna was also a military commander in Golconda forces. Aurangzeb however was critical of this and wanted them to be removed. Finally they were assassinated in Golconda fort by the conspirators during the seize of Golconda by Mughals in 1686.Their heads were cutoff and sent to Aurangzeb at Ahmednagar who got them crushed under the feet of the elephants in the presence of his army at a parade. This shows the much hatred of the bigot emperor Aurangzeb towards Hindus. Then why glorify such persons in the history and text books?
When Europeans gained military power, Hindus were occupying important positions in Tippus kingdom at Mysore. In the modern Asifjahi rule at Hyderabad Hindus and Mulsims both occupied important positions. However Hindus in important positions were far less in number compared to Muslims. Sadashiva Reddy of Medak was an important Chieftain during the rule of Nizam II. Eminent personalities like Raja sir Kishan pershad was the Prime Minister of Hyderabad during Nizam 6 rule.There was surely discrimination during Asifjahi rule. Persecution of Hindus became rampant during the rule of last Nizam 7 during 1948 and they were suppressed harassed and killed by Razakar forces of the Nizam till Indian army invaded Hyderabad and deposed the Nizam 7.

                 Thus we notice that persecution and discrimination in society was very severe during Delhi sultan period that however reduced during the Mughal rule. Provincial rulers at various places were no different and by and large Hindus greatly suffered under them. The Razakars repression in 1948 at Hyderabad is the glaring example for intolerance among Muslims against Hindus even in the modern period. Although at times Hindus also enjoyed patronage of Muslim rulers, it was at the cost of selling themselves for a consideration.The history conclusively proves that Muslim rulers discriminated Hindu subjects in all walks of life. One has to feel sorry for the pseudo secular and vote catching politics by the political parties today in India who appear as if Hindus enjoyed very much under Muslim rule and there was nothing to prove that it was contrary. MK Gandhi always claimed that Hindus and Muslims were his both eyes. Sadly one of his blinded him by engineering creation of Pakistan for which MKG had no answer. No one listened to him to prevent it. Sadly even after creating Pakistan millions stayed back in India and many of them failed to accept this country as their own. The country is engulfed in terrorist activities whose aim is to divide India further and achieve ultimate Moghalistan.


1. Allauddin Khiljis anti Hindu policy
2 Lower classes and un mitigated Exploitation.



                                                   PART V

                                           Dr K Prabhakar Rao


                      The Muslim sultans  right from the period of Slave sultanate starting from Kutubuddin Aibek to the end of Mulsim rule  practiced  abominal sex. Many of them were perverted and practiced homosexuality with slaves and castrated men and boys. This topic is very much debatable as ancient Hindu temple sculptures at Khajuraho and Konark speak about Hindu society in this perspective. These sculptures depict various sex acts and positions and is open to public glare.In some of the temples sculptures depict sex acts with animals too. Many scholars have written on these sculptures and the necessity of such creations. In ancient India, probably sex was openly discussed and over the passage of time it has become a taboo to discuss  these topics in India.Todays youth learn about it from cheap literature and friends, porn and  ill conceived sources like internet . The ancient book on Kamasutra by Vatsayana gives details of the sex science and this book has been translated into world languages. The author of the book saw the acts not only for procreation  but also for deriving of bodily pleasure. Indian Hindu kings  also  married several wives and had harems. They also had concubines.  Marrying several wives was practiced mostly for having more sons so that the dynasty flourished. Wars were very common and there were deaths too in these wars. Probably there was no Hindu king after Lord Sri Rama of Ayodhya who  had only one wife. Hindu kings were not free from the vice of maintaining concubines. Illustrious emperor Krishna deva Raya also had many concubines apart from three queens. VijayaRaghava  naika of  Tanjavur kingdom had large harem  and he openly demonstrated his   flirting with women  in open court. Thus  we can note that womanizing was common in most of the world societies and  Hindu kings  were no exceptions. A finger is also pointed towards a  queen of Madura  during Naika reign who ruled the kingdom as a regent. She  was reportedly indulged in  immoral activities with many men of the  court.  Men were equally involved. Plural marriages in Hindu society stopped only after promulgating of Sharda act in modern times. It was very common practice in Hindus society to have more wives  before India got independence in 1947.Therefore Muslims  can not be singled out on this front. However Holy  Qoran is very specific on the aspect of sex with slaves and captured women after a war. Hindu  scriptures are free from such specific  instructions.

  We see that Muslim invaders and sultans were practicing abduction of captured women and took them as slaves after  winning every battle. In most of the cases men were put to sword. The women were raped too as a right. A great controversy exists on the aspect of rape of captured women by Muslims as a policy and as a sanctioned act. In this connection following are relevant and quoted by the scholars .
Surah 4:24. “Also forbidden for you are married women except those who have fallen into your hands as Prisoners of war?
“ And all married women ( are forbidden unto you) save those ( captives who your right hand possess ( It is a degree of Allah for you )
                Obviously the women who became captives during invasions and battles the men having been vanquished, become the property of the victor or capturer. Their husbands may be alive, yet she becomes a trophy of war. Their marriages automatically get annulled once she is captured. She becomes a slave. The moment she becomes a captive she becomes the PW. These revelations are enough for the victors who practiced the evil acts of rape on captured women. In view of the above, Muslim armies resorted to the evil practice in all their with slaves became ramapant in  their society as the provisions in scripture were taken as divine approval. Right from the days of Mohd Bin Kasim to the evil Razakar times Kasim Razvi of 1948 in Hyderabad the evil practice was predominant whenever Hindus were subjugated by war and violent acts. These   actions were unheard during the wars between Hindu kings or between a Hindu king and Muslim sultan  in which Muslims were defeated. Wars between Hindu kings followed a code of conduct in which women , children, bikhshukhs and  Brahmins were not touched. Villages were not attacked. Cows and cattle were not killed. Farms were not plundered. Muslim sultans who approved such acts and practiced them can not be clean persons and   surely  do not need glorification. .  Aliya Rama raya defacto emperor of Vijay nagar empire was blamed for certain acts by his victorious army against the Muslim population after his conquest of Ahmednagar against Hussein Nizamshah in 16 century.  Hussein Nizam shah bore a personal grudge against him and he killed Rama Raya  instantly after his capture in Tallikota Battle in 1565. However  these allegations have no  evidence and are based on  writings of Muslim historians who were surely biased against a victorious Hindu king.

                   There are no cases of forced marriages after a victory between Hindu kings. If at all  such marriages took place, it was with mutual consent and as per some treaty. Sri Krishna Deva Raya of vijay nagar empire defeated Prataparudra Gajapathi of kalinga kingdom in 16 century and as per treaty terms he married Tukkamba  the daughter of Gajapathi. As per legend, the vanquished King forced her daughter to kill Krishna deva Raya on the first night. However she preferred to commit suicide instead of killing her husband and she was saved by Krishna Deva and his minister Appaji.    The subsequent married life of  the princess and Krihna deva Raya  is not documented and it is believed that she lived mostly separately away from the king due to strained relations.  However Muslim sultans converted captured royal women to Islam and married. On most of the occasions they were raped and made concubines. Rani Karnavathi of Gujarat was captured after defeating her husband by Allauddin Khilji and he married her. Allaunddin Khilji was also after Rani Padmini wife of Rana Bhim singh. She was the most beautiful woman of the times. The story is well known. Rani Padmini committed jauhar when her capture was imminent. Emperor Akbar much glorified by our pseudo historians  was no saint. He had a very large harem where more than 5000 women stayed. Akbar married the young wife of his mentor Bairam khan the moment he was killed  while on his way to Mecca. He did not waste any time. Where was the urgency? Many Rajput kings gave their daughters or sisters in marriage to Mughals to save their skin  and kingdoms. In turn, there were given high positions in the court and were allowed to retain their kingdoms and titles. Raja Man Singh brother of queen Jodha bai was made the commander in chief of Mughal army. These women had to accept Islam. However there were some Rajput kings who hated the practice of giving their women to Mughals in marriage and loathed the idea. Maha Rana Pratap singh of Chitthor was one among them. He fought tooth and nail  throughout his life against Mughals but did not let go his honor. After Prataps death most of the Rajputs were leadersless and fell in line. However Durga das Thakur raised a banner of revolt against Aurangzeb after the death of Raja Jaswant singh in war front due to illness on western borders leaving infant sons who were born after his death. Aurangzeb could not win against these Rajputs and died in 1707.  His succeesor Bahadur shah I accepted the  Rajput prince as the successor to Raja Jaswant singh. Mughal supremacy declined rapidly with puppets sitting on the throne. Rajput kingdoms soon flourished. After the battle of Plassey in 1757,  English men gained power and Mughals   were reduced to pittance.

           The most important aspect in Muslim rule is the craving and practice of sex with eunuchs and slaves  by the sultans and others. Nothing can be more averse than the acts of Mubarak Khilji the successor of Allauddinn khilji. He was the most perverted and unworthy of his position as a sovereign. He indulged openly in these acts along with his nobles and courtiers. These have been recorded by the contemporary historians. He dressed as an eunuch and entered the court where he gave dirty and filthy glances at others and danced invitingly.  He used to open and throw out his clothes and dance in nakedness and what followed used to be the most filthier un natural  sexual acts   openly practiced.      What an utter shame indeed and it is a shame that Indian history has been glorifying these sultans as great  administrators and men of caliber!. The   Sultan was  of course  assassinated in few years not before great damage was done to the empire  built by Allauddin Khilji of course based on cruelty, deceipt, tyranny ,  suppression and wars.

                Emperor Shah je jahan reportedly had affairs with his daughter and it was approved by the clergy. How can we glorify such disgusting rulers as great men? Zahandar shah was one of most wretched emperor from the Mughal dynasty who  had many concubines  and he was  much fascinated with one Lal kumari. He threw away to winds all  decency and involved himself in sex acts  and drinking. It was not surprising that he was  killed in a years rule by Farukhsiyar  who became the ruler.The courts of later Mughals became the  place for all types of ill virtued women, prostitues and such women. Senior nobles like Chinkhilij khan left the court disgusted and went to Deccan . He later became Nizam 7 and founder of Asifjhai  dynasty that lasted up to  1948. The last ruler Osmal Ali Khan  the  Nizam 7 also had many  wives and concubines. 

                We do not  hear such disgusting  acts taking place in Hindu kingdoms.  Even if one practiced  sodomy or sex with eunuchs it was behind closed doors as it was  looked down in society. Treatise  of Kamsutra surely indicates that such practices were existing in Hindu society. Even today some  perverted  Hindu men get involved with eunuchs in  darkness of  night and it is seen as  part of game. On the whole Muslim rulers freely engaged themselves in sexual activities not only with wives, concubines, but also with Eunuchs,Castrated young boys and slaves.  Thus these rulers need no glorification by our historians