He Commanded the 3rd Panzer Group during Operation Barbarossa in 1941, and the 4th Panzer Army during the Wehrmacht's 1942 summer offensive. In support of the Commissar Order, issued a directive in November 1941 instructing his subordinate commanders to "immediately and pitilessly exterminate" "every sign of active or passive resistance on the part of Jewish-Bolshevik agitators". He was tried by US military tribunal at Nuremberg in H OGH command trials and was given 15 yeras jail term.Sentence was reviewed with no changes in 1951. Released on parole in 1954; released from parole / sentence reduced to time served in 1957. Died in 1971.